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Infectious Disease Updates for EMS Clinicians

November 9, 2022 | Contact: Dr. Timothy Chizmar, State EMS Medical Director


As Emergency Medical Services continue to transport patients with COVID-19 illness as well as immunosuppressed patients, both patients and EMS clinicians should continue to wear surgical masks on all calls for service. For patients with respiratory symptoms, or suspected/proven COVID-19 illness, EMS clinicians should remember to use appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE), including: gloves, gown, eye protection, and a fit-tested N-95 respirator. MIEMSS will continue to post COVID-19 EMS Guidance documents online via the Infectious Diseases webpage as updates occur.


Monkeypox is a viral illness that typically starts with flu-like symptoms and progresses to a rash, characterized by fluid-filled lesions that resemble chickenpox or herpes, within three days. The rash typically starts on the face and spreads to other parts of the body. Viral spread typically requires close contact with an infected person or animal (e.g., primates, small mammals), contaminated materials, or by respiratory droplets that can travel as far as six feet.

EMS clinicians should pay close attention to recommended personal protective equipment (PPE), which includes: gown, gloves, eye protection and NIOSH-approved N-95 (or equivalent) respirator. Learn more via the released memo on Monkeypox and what you should know.

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